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In 2012, Commerce Resources completed a positive Preliminary Economic Assessment on the Ashram Rare Earth Project in northern Quebec. In 2015, we filed a revised Technical Report on SEDAR. Highlights of the study were as follows:

  • Study results show a strongly positive cash flow from a 4,000 tonne per day open-pit operation at Ashram with a 25-year mine life, a pre-tax and pre-finance Net Present Value (NPV) at a 10% discount rate of $2.32 billion, a pre-tax/pre-finance Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of 44% and a pre-tax/pre-finance payback period of 2.25 years.

  • SGS's economic evaluation was based on the March 6, 2012 resource estimate which used a base case geologic cut-off grade of 1.25% TREO and provided 29.3 million tonnes (Mt) of measured and indicated resource, as well as 219.8 Mt of inferred resource averaging 1.88% TREO.

  • The rare earth elements at Ashram occur in simple and well-understood mineralogy, being primarily in the mineral monazite and to a lesser extent in bastnaesite and xenotime. These minerals dominate the currently known commercial extraction processes for rare earths.

Mineral Resource Estimate and Geological Setting

The PEA uses the updated mineral resource estimate for the Ashram Deposit (SGS Geostat, 2012), released March 6, 2012, which is an approximate 100% increase in tonnage over the Company's initial inferred mineral resource estimate. This resource includes all drilling completed at the Ashram Deposit to date (15,691.74 m in 45 holes). The mineral resource estimate is as follows:

Cut-off Confidence
1.25 Measured 1,590,000 1.77 1.60 0.089 0.085 0.17 9.8%
  Indicated 27,670,000 1.90 1.77 0.073 0.056 0.13 6.7%
  Inferred 219,800,000 1.88 1.77 0.068 0.045 0.11 6.0%
  • The base case TREO cut-off grade (CoG) for the reporting of the 2012 mineral resource estimate was retained from the 2011 base case CoG of 1.25% TREO. Using the Ashram basket price of $35.02 per kg, the marginal (mill) CoG was calculated at 0.51% TREO. Although all material above 0.51% TREO is considered economic, a mining CoG of 1.25% TREO was selected in order to maximize the mill feed grade.
  • LREO (Light Rare Earth Oxides) = La2O3 + Ce2O3 + Pr2O3 + Nd2O3
  • MREO (Middle Rare Earth Oxides) = Sm2O3 + Eu2O3 + Gd2O3
  • HREO (Heavy Rare Earth Oxides) = Tb2O3 + Dy2O3 + Ho2O3 + Er2O3 + Tm2O3 + Yb2O3 + Lu2O3 + Y2O3
  • MHREO (Middle and Heavy Rare Earth Oxides) = MREO + HREO
  • MHREO / TREO, ratio expressed as a percent
The Ashram Deposit hosts a well-balanced rare earth distribution throughout in addition to significant enrichment over all five of the rare earths considered to be 'critical' (Nd, Eu, Tb, Dy, and Y). Within the overall resource, there exists a zone of more intense Middle and Heavy Rare Earth Oxide (MHREO) enrichment, termed the 'MHREO Zone'. This type of MHREO enrichment is unique to Ashram and extends from surface with significant tonnage and grade (6.55 Mt at 1.63% TREO of measured and indicated, and 2.79 Mt at 1.57% TREO of inferred). Overall, the Ashram Deposit has a pervasive enrichment in the MHREOs, with the MHREO Zone itself an area of more intense enrichment occurring directly at surface that extends to depths in excess of 175 m.

Key Findings of the PEA
  • 4,000 t/d, open-pit operation with 0.19:1 (waste:ore) strip ratio over 25 year mine life
  • Pre-tax Net Present Value (NPV) of $2.32 billion dollars at a 10% discount rate
  • Pre-tax Internal Rate of Return (IRR) of 44% and pre-tax payback period of 2.25 years
  • Estimated capital cost of $763 million (including 25% contingency)
  • Estimated operating cost of $95.20/tonne treated, or approximately $7.91/ kg of rare earth oxide (REO) produced
  • Greater than 175 years worth of mineable mineralized material (open pit + underground) using a Cut-off Grade (CoG) of 1.25% TREO
  • Annual production averaging ~16,850 tonnes of rare earth oxide over life of mine, including 2,870 tonnes Nd oxide, 96 tonnes Eu oxide, 26 tonnes Tb oxide, 106 tonnes Dy oxide, and 440 tonnes Y oxide
  • Rare earth element host mineralogy (monazite, bastnaesite, and xenotime) comprises phases amenable to recovery with processing using conventional and proven techniques

View the Complete Analytical Results for the Results Released to Date


Ashram Drill Results

Ashram Cross Section

Ashram Drill Plan

Ashram Drill Plan TotMag Pit Footprint

Ashram Drill Plan Gravity Pit Footprint

Ashram Drill Plan Topo Pit Footprint

Eldor - Labrador Trough

Eldor - Labrador Trough

Ashram Drill Plan - January 2012

Eldor - Vertical Section 2500CL

Eldor - Property Location Map

Eldor - Regional Exploration Targets

Photo Gallery

Results of the PEA represent forward-looking information. This economic assessment is by definition preliminary in nature and it includes inferred mineral resources that are considered too speculative to have the economic considerations applied to them that would enable them to be categorized as mineral reserves. There is no certainty that the preliminary economic assessment will be realized. Mineral resources are not mineral reserves as they do not have demonstrated economic viability.

Jody Dahrouge, P.Geol., a Company Director, is the qualified person as defined by National Instrument 43-101 who has verified the written disclosure of all scientific and technical information on this webpage.